The Complete Guide to Rohu Fish: Habitat, Characteristics

Characteristics of Rohu Fish

Rohu fish (Labeo rohita) is a freshwater fish species that are widely farmed in India, Bangladesh, and other Southeast Asian countries. It is an important food fish in these regions due to its high nutritional value and market demand.


Rohu has a slender and elongated body with a slightly flattened head. It has a silver-colored body with blackish-grey scales, and its fins are reddish or brownish in color.

Rohu Appearance
Rohu Appearance


Rohu is a freshwater species that is commonly found in rivers, lakes, and reservoirs across India and other Southeast Asian countries.


Rohu is a rich source of protein, vitamins, and minerals. It is low in fat and cholesterol, making it a healthy choice for people who are watching their weight or managing their cholesterol levels.


Rohu farming is a popular and profitable business in India and other Southeast Asian countries. It is relatively easy to farm and requires minimal inputs, making it an attractive option for small-scale farmers.

Culinary uses:

Rohu fish is a versatile ingredient that can be used in a variety of dishes, including curries, stews, and grilled or fried preparations. It is a staple ingredient in many traditional Indian and Southeast Asian cuisines.

Rohu fish farming in India

Rohu fish farming is a popular and profitable business in India, particularly in the northern and eastern regions of the country.

  1. Ideal conditions for rohu fish farming: Rohu requires warm water with a temperature range of 26-32°C for optimal growth. The pH of the water should be between 7.0-8.5, and dissolved oxygen levels should be maintained at 5-6 ppm. Rohu fish also prefers still or slow-moving water bodies with a depth of at least 1.5-2 meters.
  2. Seed production: Rohu can be bred naturally in large ponds or through induced breeding. Induced breeding involves injecting a hormone (usually pituitary gland extract) to stimulate egg and sperm production. The fertilized eggs can then be hatched in a hatchery and reared in nurseries before being transferred to grow-out ponds.
  3. Pond preparation: The pond or tank should be cleaned and dried before filling it with water. The soil should be treated with lime or other chemicals to raise the pH and kill any harmful bacteria or parasites. The pond should also be fertilized with organic or inorganic fertilizers to promote the growth of natural food organisms.
  4. Feeding: Rohu can be fed a variety of feeds, including commercial pellets, grains, and green leafy vegetables. The amount and frequency of feeding should be adjusted based on the age and size of the fish.
  5. Harvesting and Marketing: Rohu can be harvested when they reach a size of 500-700 grams (usually within 6-8 months). The fish can be sold in local markets or to wholesalers for further distribution.

Why Rohu is an important fish species for farming in India

Rohu fish is an important species for aquaculture in India due to its high market demand, ease of farming, fast growth rate, and nutritional value. This popular food fish is widely consumed across the country, making it a lucrative option for fish farmers.

Rohu is relatively easy to farm and can be grown in a variety of freshwater environments, including ponds, tanks, and cages. The fish can also adapt to a wide range of water quality conditions and feed types, making it a versatile species for aquaculture. The ease of farming and adaptability of rohu makes it an attractive option for small-scale farmers looking for a sustainable source of income.

One of the main advantages of rohu farming is the fast growth rate of the species. Rohu can reach a marketable size of 500-700 grams within 6-8 months of culture, which allows fish farmers to produce a high yield of fish within a short period of time, increasing their profitability. The fast growth rate of rohu fish is an important factor in the popularity of the species for aquaculture.

In addition to its fast growth rate, rohu is also a nutritious and healthy food choice. Rohu is a rich source of protein, vitamins, and minerals, making it a valuable addition to a balanced diet. The low-fat and low-cholesterol content of rohu fish also makes it a popular choice among health-conscious consumers.

The profitability of rohu farming in India can vary depending on various factors such as the size of the farm, production techniques, and market conditions. Generally, a profitable rohu fish farming business should have a profit margin of at least 20% to 30%.

Growth and breeding habits of Rohu fish

Growth and breeding habits of Rohu

The growth and breeding habits of rohu fish are important considerations for fish farmers looking to cultivate this species.

Rohu has a relatively fast growth rate and can reach a marketable size of 500-700 grams within 6-8 months of culture. The optimal temperature range for rohu fish growth is between 25-32°C, and they require a high-protein diet for optimal growth. In addition, rohu is highly adaptable to a wide range of water quality conditions and can tolerate low oxygen levels and high salinity.

Breeding of rohu usually occurs during the monsoon season, from June to September, when water temperature and quality are optimal. During the breeding season, the male rohu fish develop tubercles or white spots on their heads and pectoral fins. The female rohu fish release their eggs in shallow water, which are then fertilized by the male fish. Rohu fish have a high fecundity, with one female capable of producing up to 3-4 lakh eggs per kg of body weight.

To successfully breed rohu in captivity, fish farmers must provide the fish with a suitable spawning environment, including a spawning tank or pond with shallow water, and an appropriate water temperature and quality. The eggs hatch within 24-48 hours of fertilization and the fry must be provided with high-quality feed to ensure their survival.

Ideal conditions for Rohu fish farming

To ensure successful rohu fish farming, it is important to provide the fish with optimal conditions for growth and development. Here are some of the ideal conditions for rohu fish farming:

  1. Water quality: Rohu requires clean and well-oxygenated water for optimal growth. The ideal pH range for rohu fish is between 6.5-8.5, and the water temperature should be between 25-32°C. The dissolved oxygen level should be maintained at 5-6 ppm.
  2. Pond size: The size of the pond is an important factor for rohu fish farming. A pond size of at least 0.1-0.5 hectares is recommended for commercial rohu fish farming.
  3. Feeding: A high-protein diet is essential for the growth and development of rohu. Fish farmers should provide the fish with a balanced feed containing 30-35% protein, as well as vitamins and minerals.
  4. Stocking density: The stocking density of rohu should be carefully managed to avoid overstocking, which can lead to disease outbreaks and poor growth rates. The recommended stocking density for rohu fish is 5,000-10,000 fingerlings per hectare of the pond.
  5. Water exchange: Regular water exchange is important for maintaining good water quality in the pond. The water should be exchanged at least once every 2-3 days, depending on the stocking density.
  6. Disease control: Disease outbreaks can be a major challenge in rohu. To prevent disease, fish farmers should maintain good water quality, avoid overfeeding, and provide the fish with a balanced diet. Regular health checks and proper medication should be given to the fish to control and prevent diseases.

In conclusion, rohu fish farming is an important and profitable aquaculture practice in India. With its high demand in both domestic and international markets, rohu fish farming has become an attractive option for farmers looking to enter the fish farming industry in India. However, to ensure profitability and sustainability, fish farmers must adopt modern production techniques and adhere to best management practices.

For other information, you can get complete information related to this in detail from our YouTube channel Desi Kisan.

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